# NCERT Class 6 Chapter 7 Maths Solutions | Fractions

A fraction is a number representing a part of a whole. The whole may be a single object or a group of objects.

When expressing a situation of counting parts to write a fraction, it must be ensured that all parts are equal.

In 5/7, 5 is called the **numerator **and 7 is called the **denominator.**

Fractions can be shown on a number line. Every fraction has a point associated with it on the number line.

In **a proper fraction**, the numerator is less than the denominator.

The fractions, where the numerator is greater than the denominator are called **improper fractions**.

An improper fraction can be written as a combination of a whole and a part, and such fractions are then called **mixed fractions**.

Each proper or improper fraction has many equivalent fractions.

To find an **equivalent fraction** of a given fraction, we may multiply or divide both the numerator and the denominator of the given fraction by the same number.

A fraction is said to be in the **simplest (or lowest**) form if its numerator and the denominator have no common factor except one.

Fractions with same denominators are called **like fractions.**

Fractions with different denominators are called **unlike fractions.**

If the numerator is the same in two fractions, the fraction with the smaller denominator is greater of the two.